This study was launched to verify observations made of the American Indian population, who appeared to demonstrate a high incidence of chronic hoarseness. Although hoarseness is common, the literature describes this group of people as being soft spoken. Thus the number of voice disorders is typically underestimated as the result of the lack of identification and referral from parents and teachers.
The Winnebago Tribe has made millions of dollars in profits from its Las Vegas style casino which opened in 1992. This study examines the impacts of this new wealth on education and crime on the reservation.
In looking for ways to increase the American Indian presence in higher education, it may be time to tap a resource that, heretofore, has been underutilized. Through their mentoring and direct community involvement, American Indian doctorates can and do serve as role models.