TCJ continues its series of tributes to the faces behind the tribal college movement. This issue: Phil Baird, Gail Bruce, Lionel Bourdeaux, Carol Davis, Dr. Perry Horse and Phyllis Howard.
All across tribal colleges teachers offer a broader view of history that embraces non-Western sensibilities and interpretations and includes students’ own tribal histories and place-based knowledge.
When the Office of Indian Affairs sent Superintendent Calvin Asbury to the Crow Indian Reservation in 1919, he settled in like the bone-chilling winds of that Montana winter, slowly dripping the toxic waste of human oppression onto Crow culture. The Crow Tribe remains forever affected by this zealot who deprived them of their personal freedoms and wealth while expanding his own political power.
There may be no better way of correcting historical inaccuracies and misunderstandings of early Indian-white relations than to involve community people in recreating that history. That is exactly what Johnny Arlee (Salish) accomplished last summer and fall when he wrote and directed a Lewis and Clark pageant.
Two hundred years ago, the Lewis and Clark expedition encountered the Lakota, Dakota, Arikara, Mandan, and Hidatsa in what is now South Dakota and North Dakota. Today these tribes are preparing for tourists who will visit some of the same sites as the explorers. This time, they won’t be at the shore of the Missouri River handing out food and directions. Instead, Native people will be taking a lead role in interpreting and making history.
The imminent Corps of Discovery bicentennial observances offer an excellent opportunity for us indigenous people to learn about non-indigenous people and for them to learn about us as a contemporary presence. After more than 500 years, both groups still have a lot to learn about each other.
Many American Indian parents’ hearts have been broken by walking into a room with a television and overhearing their own children cheering for the cowboys.
Jerry Slater helped found Salish Kootenai College in 1977 and for over 25 years was instrumental in its becoming one of the top ranking tribal colleges of the nation. The college grew from a branch of a community college to an independent college and eventually achieved accreditation in four-year programs. Mary Tevebaugh offers a remembrance of Slater who passed away October 7, 2002.
The complete history of this country includes the American Indians, yet they have largely been neglected and/or misrepresented to students. Providing an American Indian perspective is essential.
by Vine Deloria, Jr., and Daniel R. Wildcat
Fulcrum Resources, 2001
Review by Barbi G.
by Thomas Peacock and illustrated by Marlene Wisuri
Afton Historical Society Press, 2002
Review by Anne M.
By David E. Wilkins
Rowman and Littlefield Inc., 2002
Review by Greg Chester
American Indian Politics by David E.