It is vital for tribal colleges to ensure that their own research standards will not only meet the critical review of the community but also, whenever possible, of the broader scholarly community. This may not prove to be an easy task, and the sooner discussions begin the better.
NAGPRA did not resolve all of the significant disputes between scholars and Native American communities, especially those concerning basic research. Today, American Indian tribes and Canadian bands continue to establish their own controls over outside research, and a number of them have adopted formal written policies.
Due in large part to a $22,000 teacher development grant the college will receive from the Philip Morris Companies Inc., Marjorie Pumpkinseed and nine other Oglala Lakota College students will graduate next year as desperately-needed Indian teachers and role models.
This checklist was developed by the Association of Aboriginal Post-Secondary Institutes in British Columbia, Canada. The checklist has been requested by many First Nations bands since its publication in February 1996.
There were many skeptics both on and off the Pine Ridge Reservation when the Oglala Sioux Tribal Council authorized planning for a reservation based college. “They said the population was too small, the economic conditions too bad, and it was too much work to start a college. They thought we were dreaming,” says Lowel Amiotte (Oglala Lakota), a former president of the college which celebrates its 25th anniversary this year.
Retrieving sacred artifacts lost over time is a delicate process, but it is yielding results, says Narcisse Blood, a Blood Tribe member from the Blood Reserve in Southern Alberta, Canada. “These bundles are lonesome for home. They want to come back,” he says. Many of the articles had been with the tribe for centuries, including sacred bundles used long ago in Sundance ceremonies.
Log cabins may provide the solution to creating a network of field museums at tribal colleges.
Despite great competition for the grant money available to tribal museums, more and more tribes are considering opening their own museums or cultural centers. Experts predict in the next five years the number of tribal museums will double.
Cultural property rights is a relatively new term. It encompasses sacred and ceremonial items such as masks, medicine bundles, and ceremonial shields. It also refers to less tangible properties,
Laurie Robbins is a first generation college student and mother of two teenagers on her way to an M.A. in education. She was selected Student of the Year at Bay Mills Community College and has come to feel that attending college later in life is not a handicap but an advantage.
CULTURAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
Native American Repatriation Guide
The American Indian Ritual Object Repatriation Foundation has published a 166-page guide,
edited and compiled by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller
BowArrow Publishing Company, Albuquerque, N.M., 1996, 692 pp.
Review by Sky Houser
First things first.