All too often, Franda Flyingman says, “the cost of giving up our traditional values has been too expensive for the benefits gained in recent economic development.” Flyingman has developed a business course at Haskell Indian Nations University that incorporates Western economics and a serious investigation of Native belief systems, the management of tribal governments, tribal law, psychology, and sociology.
The market for buffalo is thriving and with large amounts of grassy reservation land and ideal buffalo habitat, InterTribal Bison Cooperative members enjoy a potentially strong business position but by and large, Indians haven’t played much of a part.
You won’t find Nitassinan on any published maps. Nitassinan is a land that exists in the hearts and the minds of the Innu, the indigenous people of what the people that “come-from-away” call northern Quebec and Labrador. Nitassinan was among the first parts of the New World to be visited by Europeans, but it was among the last to be mapped. It is a land of extremes: behind the stark, imposing coast of ice-scoured barren headlands there are trackless forests of stunted-spruce and a myriad maze of muskeg, rivers, and lakes.
At 35, John-Pierre Ashini is still a young man, but the weight of change rests heavily upon his shoulders, according to Stephen Loring of the Smithsonian’s Arctic Studies Center.
John-Pierre Ashini is one of the last men of his generation trained to hunt in the traditional ways. He learned at his father’s side when he was 10 years old, and when his father died, he went hunting with his grandfather who told him this story of a desparate winter hunt .
Pets have a spiritual way of getting into mischief, for the good of their master, I suppose. It’s their way of communicating with their master.
When European-American explorers first ventured into the West, they found the plains black with bison–the American buffalo. By 1873, the plains were filled instead with a sickening stench as hundreds of bison carcasses lay rotting.
Crownpoint Institute of Technology continually seeks ways to encourage its 330 Navajo students to learn the new technologies required by today’s world and at the same time to cherish and sustain the values of their own culture.
edited by Brian Swann, Random House, New York, 1994
Review by Sara Wiles
Coming to Light: Contemporary Translations of the Native Literatures of North America is an important addition to the literature of Native Americans.