Although the teaching of lay advocacy in tribal colleges and universities is largely unexplored territory, there exists an ever-increasing catalog of scholarly and ethnographic literature available to those interested in establishing Native American criminal justice, lay advocate, or legal studies programs, or simply exploring the etiology, history, and development of tribal systems, structures, and practices of order maintenance and dispute resolution. This resource guide presents a relatively small but highly relevant and informative sampling of the extant literature in the field, covering a wide range of perspectives. It also includes a list of essential legal cases, legislation, and treaties that have informed and defined both state and federal legal relationships with Indigenous tribes and peoples.
Books and Reports
Canby, W.C. (2009). American Indian Law in a Nutshell (5th ed.). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.
Cawley, J.B. (2004). Just When You Thought It Was Safe to Go Back on the Rez: Is it Safe? Cleveland State Law Review, 52(3), 413–440.
Clark, M.W. (2005). Enforcing Criminal Law on Native American Lands. FBI Lawn Enforcement Bulletin, 74(4), 22–31.
Deloria, E. (1998). Speaking of Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Deloria, V. & Lytle, C.M. (1983). American Indians, American Justice. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Echo-Hawk, W.R. (2013). In the Light of Justice: The Rise of Human Rights in Native America and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Golden, CO: Fulcrum.
Etheridge, D. (1975). Indian Law Enforcement History. Retrieved from http://web.archive.org/web/20000226013721/bialaw.fedworld.gov/history/index.htm
Fletcher, M.L.M. (2011). American Indian Tribal Law. New York: Aspen.
Frantz, K. (1999). Indian Reservations in the United States: Territory, Sovereignty, and Socioeconomic Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Garrow, C.E. & Deer, S. (2004). Tribal Criminal Law and Procedures. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Goldberg, C. & Singleton, H.V. (2007). Final Report: Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice under Public Law 280. Document No. 222585/. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/222585.pdf
Haas, T.H. (1949). The Indian and the Law. Handbook of Federal Indian Law. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://thorpe.ou.edu/cohen/tribalgovtpam2pt1&2.htm#SOURCE OF INDIAN AUTHORITY
Harring, S.L. (1994). Crow Dog’s Case: American Indian Sovereignty, Tribal Law, and United States Law in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hassrick, R.B. (1989). The Sioux: Life and Customs of a Warrior Society. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Indian Reservation History. (2013). Based on Hodge, F.W. (1906), The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/reservations/rezhistory.htm
Lazarus, E. (1991). Black Hills, White Justice: The Sioux Nation Versus the United States: 1775 to the Present. New York: Harper Collins.
McLoughlin, W.G. (1986). Cherokee Renascence in the New Republic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Melton, A. 1995. Indigenous Justice Systems and Tribal Society. Judicature, 70(3), 126–133.
Million, D. (2000). Policing the Rez: Keeping No Peace in Indian Country. Social Justice, 27(3), 101–119.
Mills, J. & Brown, K. (2001). Law Enforcement in Indian Country: The Struggle for a Solution. San Francisco: Public Law Research Institute, Hastings College of the Law.
Milne, J.W. (1982). Criminal Law for Indian Courts. Boulder, CO: Native American Rights Fund.
Milne, J.W. & Johnson, R.W. (1981). Criminal Procedure for Indian Courts. Washington, DC: National American Indian Court Judges Association.
Perry, S.W. (2004). American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002 (NCJ 203097). Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Perry, S.W. (2005). Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in Indian Country, 2002 (NCJ 205332). Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Pevar, S.L. (2004). Rights of Indians and Tribes. New York, NY: New York University Press.
Reaves, B.A. (2011). Tribal Law Enforcement, 2008 (NCJ 234217). Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Richland, J.B. & Deer, S. (2010). Introduction to Tribal Legal Studies (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Altamira Press.
Ross, J.I. & Gould, L. (2006). Native Americans and the Criminal Justice System. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
Ross, R. (1996). Returning to the Teachings. Toronto: Penguin Books.
Tyon, T. (1897). Akicita. In J.R. Walker, Lakota Society (p. 29). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
University of Alaska Fairbanks Interior-Aleutian Campus. TM 112—Federal Indian Law for Alaskan Tribes – Crow Dog Case (1883). Retrieved from http://tm112.community.uaf.edu/unit-1/cherokee-nation-v-georgia-1831/
Wakeling, S., Jorgensen, M., Michaelson, S., & Begay, M. (2001). Policing on American Indian Reservations: A Report to the National Institute of Justice (NCJ 188095). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Walker, J.R. (1982). Lakota Society. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Wells, L.E. & Falcone, D.N. (2008). Rural Crime and Policing in American Indian Communities. Southern Rural Sociology, 23(2), 199–225.
Wells, L.E. & Falcone, D.N. (2008). Tribal Policing on American Indian Reservations. Policing, 31(4), 648–673.
Wilkins, D.E. (2009). Documents of Native American Political Development: 1502 to 1933. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wilkins, D.E. & Stark, H.K. (2011). American Indian Politics and the American Political System. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Cases, Legislation, and Treaties
Agreement with the Sioux Nation, Northern Arapaho and Cheyenne, Chapter 72, 19 Stat. 254 (1877). Retrieved from http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/vol1/html_files/ses0168.html
Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1153 (1817).
California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, 480 U.S. 202 (1987).
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. 1 (1831).
Duro v. Reina, 495 U.S. 676 (1990).
Ex Parte Crow Dog (Kan-Gi-Shun-Ca), 109 U.S. 556 (1883).
Fort Laramie Treaty, 1868. (Sioux Treaty of 1868) (1868). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/four/ftlaram.htm
General Allotment Act (Dawes Severalty Act), 24 Stat. 388 (1887).
House Concurrent Resolution 108 (1953).
Indian Civil Rights Act, 25 U.S.C. §§ 1301-03 (1968).
Indian Country Crimes Act (Federal Enclaves Act; General Crimes Act), 18 U.S.C. § 1152, 1153 (1817).
Indian Country Defined, 18 U.S.C. § 1151.
Indian Law Enforcement Reform Act, Public Law 101-379 (1990).
Indian Removal Act, 14 Stat. 411 (1830).
Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-Howard Act), 48 Stat. 984 (1934).
Indian Self-Determination and Education Act, Public Law 93-638 (1975).
Indian Self-Governance Reform Act, Public Law 103-413 (1994).
Johnson v. McIntosh, 21 U.S. 543 (1823).
Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 553 (1903).
Major Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1153 (1885).
Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe, 435 U.S. 191 (1978).
Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez, 436 U.S. 49 (1978).
S. HRG. 110–692: Progress and Future of Operation Dakota Peacekeeper: Field Hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs of the United States Senate, 110th Cong. (2008).
State Jurisdiction Over Offenses Committed By or Against Indians in the Indian Country, Public Law 83-280, 18 U.S.C. § 1162 (1953).
Talton v. Mayes, 163 U.S. 376 (1896).
Trade and Intercourse Act (1790).
Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux. (1851). Retrieved from http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/vol2/treaties/sio0594.htm
Treaty with the Sioux. (1858). Retrieved from http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/vol2/treaties/sio0785.htm
Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010, Public Law 111-211, Title II.
United States v. Kagama, 118 U.S. 375 (1886).
United States v. McBratney, 104 U.S. 621 (1881).
Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, Public Law 113-4, Title IX.
Worcester v. Georgia, 31 U.S. 515 (1832).
W.L. Shelley, Ph.D., is director of the criminal justice department at Sitting Bull College.