This resource guide is a selection of sources from Sinte Gleska University (SGU) on the Rosebud Indian Reservation relevant to tribal colleges and universities (TCUs). Since the research was conducted at SGU’s library, the guide uses examples from the northern Plains region to illustrate specific issues.
The sources included in this guide can be grouped into several categories. The first, and the largest group, contains collections of stories, oral traditions, and personal histories of various length and scope. Notable are bilingual collections of stories, written or transcribed in a Native language and accompanied with their English translations (Deloria, 2006; Luckert, 1984; Nungak & Arima, 1969; Treuer, 2001), and a collection of songs with texts transcribed and interpreted in the original language (Lakota) and in English (Black Bear & Theisz, 1976). Two oral history collections are English translations (Jensen, 2005; Parks, 1996).
Indigenous cultures often have a strong experiential aspect, meaning people perceive culture through their own individual experience. There are numerous autobiographical narratives from various tribes and nations that illustrate this trend. Examples include accounts by prominent Lakota spiritual leaders (Catches, 1999; Crow Dog & Erdoes, 1995; Mohatt & Eagle Elk, 2000) and collections of interviews with elders and political, cultural, and spiritual leaders from various tribes (Johnson & Budnik, 1994; Penman, 2000; Treuer, 2001). Since understanding of tribal cultures requires working with oral histories, this guide includes a few sources on the production of oral history and the issues often encountered when translating Native oral traditions (Brown, 1988; Sarris 1993; Swann, 1992; Swann, 2011).
Another focus of this guide is the inventory and protection of cultural heritage, along with local preservation efforts (Alivizatou, 2011; Cooper & Sandoval, 2006; Roy, Bhasin &Arriaga, 2011; White Weasel, 2010). Locally developed language and culture curricula present Native languages and cultures from the Native perspective (Roessel, 1971; White Hat, 1999).
Collections of research articles and commentaries about Indigenous education and knowledge systems, their place in the academia, and the relationships between science and Native communities comprises another focus of this guide (AhNee-Benham & Stein, 2003; Deloria, Foehner & Scinta, 1999; James, 2001; Mihesuah & Wilson, 2004). The works in this category features Vine Deloria Jr.’s essays on traditional technologies and education in the modern world, Ofelia Zepeda’s book chapter on Native scholars’ efforts at a mainstream institution to address communities’ language preservation needs, and Benham and Mann’s article on teaching language and culture at TCUs.
Finally, the reference list includes web resources which serve as a guide to major Native American language and culture collections worldwide or which support language and culture preservation work.
Stories, Interviews, Oral Traditions, and Personal Histories
Black Bear, B. Sr. & Theisz, R. D. (1976). Songs and Dances of the Lakota. Aberdeen, S.D.: North Plains Press.
Brown, C. S. (1988). Like It Was: A Complete Guide to Writing Oral History. New York, NY: Teachers & Writers Collaborative.
Catches, P. S., Sr. (1999). Sacred Fireplace (Oceti Wakan): Life and Teachings of a Lakota Medicine Man. Ed. By P.W. Catches. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers.
Crow Dog, L. & Erdoes, R. (1995). Crow Dog: Four Generations of Sioux Medicine Men. New York, NY: Harper Perennial.
Deloria, E. (2006). Dakota Texts. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Jensen, Richard E. (Ed.). (2005). Voices of the American West: The Indian Interviews of Eli S. Ricker, 1903-1919. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Johnson, S. & Budnik, D. (1994). The Book of the Elders: the Life Stories and Wisdom of Great American Indians. Harper San Francisco.
Luckert, K. W. (Ed.). (1984). Navajo Coyote Tales. (Father Berard Haile, O.F.M. ) Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Mohatt, G. & Eagle Elk, J. (2000). The Price of a Gift: A Lakota Healer’s Story. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Nungak, Z. & Arima, E. (1969). Unikkaatuat Sanaugarngnik Atingualiit Puvirngniturngmit: Eskimo Stories from Povungnituk, Quebec. The National Museums of Canada, Bulletin No. 235, Anthropological Series No. 90. Ottawa.
Parks, D. (1996). (Comp.) Myths and Traditions of the Arikara Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Penman, S. (Ed.). (2000). Honor the Grandmothers: Dakota and Lakota Women Tell Their Stories. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.
Sarris, G. (1993). Keeping the Slug Woman Alive: A Holistic Approach to American Indian Texts. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Swann, B. (Ed.). (2011). Born in the Blood: On Native American Translation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Swann, B. (Ed.). (1992). On the Translation of Native American Literatures. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Treuer, A. (Ed.). (2001). Living Our Language: Ojibwe Tales and Oral Histories. Minnesota Historical Society Press.
Cultural Heritage and Its Preservation
Alivizatou, M. (2011). Intangible Heritage and Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation and Contemporary Museum Practice. International Journal of Cultural Property 18(1), 37-60.
Cooper, K. C. & Sandoval, N. I. (2006). Living Homes for Cultural Expression: North American Native Perspectives on Creating Community Museums. Washington, D.C. and New York: National Museum of the American Indian.
Roessel, R. (Ed.). (1971). Navajo Studies at Navajo Community College. Many Farms, AZ: Navajo Community College Press.
Roy, L., Bhasin, A., & Arriaga, S. K. (Eds.). (2011). Tribal Libraries, Archives, and Museums: Preserving Our Language, Memory, and Lifeways. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
White Hat, A., Sr. (1999). Reading and Writing the Lakota Language: Lakota Iyapi un Wowapi nahan Yawapi. Ed. by J. Kampfe. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press.
White Weasel, C. (2010). Pembina and Turtle Mountain Ojibway (Chippewa) History, from the Personal Collection and Writings of Charlie White Weasel. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Indigenous Education and Science
AhNee-Benham, M. K. P. & Stein, W. (Eds.). (2003). The Renaissance of American Indian Higher Education: Capturing the Dream. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
Deloria, B., Foehner, K. & Scinta, S. (Eds.) (1999). Spirit and Reason: The Vine Deloria, Jr. Reader. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing.
James, K. (Ed.). (2001). Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Mihesuah, D. A. & Wilson, A. C. (Eds.) (2004). Indigenizing the Academy: Transforming Scholarship and Empowering Communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
American Indian Language Development Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. http://aildi.arizona.edu
American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org
The Endangered Language Fund, New Haven, CT. http://www.endangeredlanguagefund.org
National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, DC. http://www.neh.gov
Native Languages of the Americas: Preserving and Promoting American Indian Languages. http://www.native-languages.org
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. http://www.si.edu
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris, France. http://en.unesco.org/themes/protecting-our-heritage-and-fostering-creativity
Jurgita Antoine, Ph.D. is a project director of Lakota Documentaries at Sinte Gleska University. She coordinates translations of Lakota oral narratives and production of educational materials.